Nigeria has experienced a creeping Islamization since the 1804 Jihad, only interrupted by the British colonial era, with Islamic radicals pursuing a goal of “dipping the Koran in the sea”
•1960-1977: Secular state (and occasionally) constitution in force; Sharia negotiated away during pre-independence negotiations
•1977-78: New constitution being drafted; efforts to introduce federal Islamic law up to creating a Sharia Supreme Court headed by a Grand Mufti with powers equal to Chief Justice of Federation; defeated at last minute.Efforts backed by then and current president, General Obasanjo
•1979-83: Era of first post-war civilian government led by Alhaji Shehu Shagari.Sharia issues raised but no significant gains
•1983-85: Era of brutal Buhari-Idiagbon dictatorship.Regime focused on repression, hence did not push forward on Sharia agenda
•1985-93: Era of Babangida dictatorship.Nigeria secretly enrolled in Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC) by General Babangida.Nigeria also joined the Islamic Development Bank
•1993-98: Era of Abacha dictatorship.Nigeria openly participates in OIC and D8 (Islamic Development Conference) meetings.
•1999 - Present: Proclamation of Sharia Law and emergence of nine Islamic States in northern Nigeria.President Obasanjo declines to mount constitutional challenge; insists not a problem