- THE CASE FOR SELF-DETERMINATION
- November 2001
- In October 2001, religious riots in Kano, a major northern Nigerian city claimed the lives of over 200 Biafrans and southern Nigerians. Questioned about the riots, Nigerian ruler, President Olusegun Obasanjo responded thus:
- "I don't worry. . . We knew there would be people who would want to express (themselves)."
- General Olusegun Obasanjo, President and Commander-in-Chief, Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999 – Present)
- In contrast, a resident of Kaduna, one of the cities in which hundreds died in Sharia-related riots in 2000, reflected thus:
- "We now live in perpetual fear because of the incidents of terror unleashed by rampaging youths in their battle to ensure Islamic sharia law is in operation in the city. I don't stay out beyond six in the evening.”
- Kate Obosa, Kaduna resident
- Logic: Biafrans at historical crossroads
- “The Federal Government is afraid of daring the perpetrators of the Sharia Law. We, therefore, find ourselves at another crossroads. Do we want freedom in a New Biafra or Slavery in Nigeria? The memory of the past civil war stares us in the face. The issue of another Biafra therefore raises more questions than answers. We are now faced with the problem of convincing our people that the quest for the new Biafra will not cause another war. We have therefore resolved to pursue the cause of freedom in our new Biafra. This is the greatest legacy that we can bestow on our future generation. ”
- Objective: Biafran Independence
- “Having hoisted the flag of our new Biafra today, we wish to declare our resolve to demand and pursue the realization of our sovereignty from the Federal Republic of Nigeria. “
- Independence Strategy: Non-violence and negotiation culminating in a referendum
- “The process admits [use] of negotiations, dialogue and consultation. It also admits [use] of non co-operation and passive resistance to oppressive and obnoxious laws of the authorities.”
- Process Steps: 25 stages for the actualization of the sovereignty of the new Biafra State through Non-violence and Non Exodus.
- “It was through a struggle like ours that Nigeria, Ghana, India, South Africa, East Timor etc gained their independence.”
- Full Name: Movement For the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB)
- Founded in 1998/99
- Influences: Ghandi, Mandela and King
- Objective: Lead a non-violent campaign for Biafra self-determination and independence
- Goal: Obtain UN-supervised referendum for independence
- Key Leadership: Chief Ralph Uwazuruike, Mr. Orjiakor and Mr. Uche Okwukwu
- Headquarters: Okigwe
- Membership: 7.5 million (within and outside Nigeria)
- On Sept. 29, 2001, the leadership of MASSOB, Biafra Foundation, Ekwe Nche and a number of well-wishers opened Biafra House located in Washington D.C.
- Biafra House acts as central gathering point for Biafran activities in North America
- Provides a platform for the organization of intellectual, fund raising and diplomatic efforts to support the independence of the Biafran state
- Provides a credible symbol of the results of a strategy of non-violence in the pursuit of Biafran independence
- Voice of Biafra International (VOBI)
- The goal of VOBI is to provide and disseminate news and information of relevance and pressing import to Igbo-Biafra, and to the rest of the world, using SHORTWAVE Radio..
- On September 1, 2001, the maiden broadcast was made.
- Frequency: 12.125 MHz equivalent to 24.74 Meter Band
- Time: 1900 Hours UTC (Universal Time [Coordinated]) equivalent to 8.00pm Igboland time every Saturday.
- A project of Biafra Foundation, Ekwe Nche and Biafra Actualization Forum.
- 1960-1977: Secular state (and occasionally) constitution in force; Sharia negotiated away during pre- independence negotiations