COMMITTEE ON GENOCIDE.EKWE NCHE.
Pages 30-39v. OJI RIVER KILLING OF HOSPITAL STAFF AND PATIENTS The Times of London, 2nd August 1968, carried on Pages 5 and 9 gruesome stories of Nigerian atrocities in Biafra. In these stories it indicated that in a hospital outside Enugu, the vandals shot all fourteen Biafran nurses who stayed behind and then went down the wards killing the patients as well. And sadly enough, according to Mr. C. N. C. Nnolim, these Biafran civilians massacred by the Nigerian soldiers were not even buried but left in the open air to be devoured by vultures and wild beasts. In his report Mr. C. N. C. Nnolim, the Divisional Officer for Nkanu Division indicated that in May 1968 the Nigerian vandal soldiers entered the little village of Amurri and removed fourteen people, including a prominent Obe trader, Mr. Ngwuocha and from Ozella Awkunanaw in June 1968, the vandals removed about 500 People, men, women and children. Like the fourteen who were removed from Amurri, the report said, nothing has been heard of them and some of them the report suggested might have been shot while others might have been forcefully conscripted into the enemy vandal army. Mr. Nnolim is available for testimony. vi. OKIGWI 30TH SEPTEMBER 1968 The Nigerian vandal army that entered Okigwi murdered two International Committee of the Red Cross delegates in Biafra, two missionaries, several other foreign relief workers and over 100 Biafran civilian, men, women and children. The slaughter was unprovoked. The Nigerian authorities have admitted these acts but claim that they were done by drunken soldiers. vii. ASABA 700 IBO MALES KILLED: The brutal episode whatever its cause dramatically reinforces evidence of genocide. Jack Shepherd, the Senior Editor of "Look" Magazine said in November 26th 1966 issue that "Perhaps 8,000 Ibo civilians died when the Mid-West was 'liberated' by troops under Col. Murtala Mohammed. Col. Benjamin Adekunle's men killed 2,000 people in 'South Eastern State' when the Mid-West village of Ishiagu was taken. Federal troops shot at women and children as they moved with Automatic weapons through every hut. Between 100 and 400 men died. Asaba was one of the centres of mass killings of the natives. On the 5th October one Okwudalue, who has now been made the Asagba in place of the traditional ruler who had escaped to Onitsha, was made to summon a meeting of all available Page 30 Contd.../ natives to welcome the Nigerian troops. Soldiers with rifles went into every house drawing out everybody and telling them that those who failed to turn up would be regarded as enemies. The people rushed out in thousands and everywhere was filled with shouts of 'One Nigeria'. Chiefs and prominent women dressed in their traditional white clothes to welcome the troops. There was dancing and drumming all over the town. Suddenly the crowd was surrounded by soldiers and on the orders of the commanding officer, bullets were sprayed on them. It is not possible to say exactly how many people died in all, but they were not less than two thousand. The women were carried away to Agbor where they were forced to serve as 'comforts' to the soldiers. The sworn affidavits of Messrs. John Kanayo Odita, Francis Dike Okwudiafor and Anyibuofu Onya-Onianwah hereby attached tell the story. viii. SAPELE AND WARRI Giving an account of the Sapele and Warri massacres, an eye witness, Mrs. Violet 0. Ikwuazom, a trader of 3 Obianwu Street, Onitsha disclosed that: "Although the Mid-West Radio admitted that 450 were killed, this was very much underestimated. They killed about 1,000. "When the Nigerian vandals entered Sapele they joined forces with the hiding Urhobo soldiers to unleash yet another pogrom against Biafrans and West Nigerian Ibos. The men stripped naked were ordered to stretch their hands upwards and to dance and sing 'Ojukwu call me'. Then they were finally shot by Hausa and Urhobo soldiers. Many other young Biafrans had their hands tied behind them and shot before they were pushed into the river. The mass killing of people continued for days ... At the Warri taxi park a gang of ferocious looking men accosted us. The gangsters called us Ibos. We were all stripped naked and mercilessly beaten up. Scores of other Ibo women in Warri were victims of this brutality". It is impossible to say how many people have been killed. A correspondent of London Financial Times of 7th November 1967 said that over one million lives have been lost in this senseless war and about 85% of these are civilians. Donance O. Cinneide was right when he said "And how can the civilised world continue Page 31 Contd.../ to stand by while a cruelly wronged Biafra is under attack from an army that confirmed its intentions by the further slaughter of thousands of civilians after the capture of Asaba, and the occupation of Benin and Calabar". ix. AFIKPO The Nigerian invasion of Afikpo through the Cross River presents another story of calculated liquidation of the civilian population. Mr. Samuel Inyang, a non-Ibo Biafran, Chemist and Druggist by profession, tells the story of his experience in Umuana village. His sworn affidavit is herein attached. There were no Biafran soldiers at Umuana when the Nigerian soldiers entered the village as happens in each and every occasion of a massacre. x. NSUKKA The Nigerian troops first attacked in this area early in July 1967. The population has been entirely decimated. Only a few still live to tell the tale. The sworn affidavits of the following survivors are hereby attached: (1) Sylvester Madubuattah (2) Dominic Eze (3) S. K. Eze xi. IKOT EKPENE This is a non-Ibo speaking area of Biafra. Two eye witnesses, John Samuel Akpaidiok of Ituk Mbang and Chief Raymond Akpan Orok of Urua Inyang village have lived to tell the story of what Nigerian "liberation" meant to the so-called "minority" elements. Their affidavits are attached to this complaint. (e) Aerial Conduct of the War by Nigeria is Directed to Genocide As mentioned in the intercepted messages above, the object of Nigerian daily bombing mission in Biafra is to destroy all civilian lives. All the towns and villages in Biafra have been bombed times without number. Listed hereunder are a few most striking ones: i. Itu Leper Colony, January 23 1968: The 63 year old Mary Slessor Hospital, Itu was razed to the ground by combined bombs, rockets and bullets attacks from Nigerian jet fighters and bombers. Page 32 Contd.../ Authentic photos show the extent of damage done by the Nigerian planes to the Mary Slessor Hospital. International Herald Tribune (Paris) lst February 1968 reported the bombardment of Itu thus: "One of the heaviest damage the foreign press saw was at the Mary Slessor Hospital of the Presbyterian Church ... at Itu on the Cross River, North-West of Calabar. One doctor and one patient were killed in the building by the blast. Three people standing outside were wounded and died later. ii. Aba, 21st December 1967: One of the worst bombings in Aba was that carried out on December 21st 1967 when two Nigerian jets bombed the heart of the residential area of Aba. 15 people were counted dead and one of them a prominent medical practitioner, Dr. Augustine Onyejiaka. Among the houses affected by this wicked raid were 117 St. Michael Road, 137 and 135 Cameroun Road. The bombing of civilians has been witnessed by prominent foreign visitors and journalists. One Walter Partington of the Daily Express reported in the 23rd April 1968 issue of how 70 people died (Biafrans) in a hit and run attack on Aba by Nigerian bombers. He went on: "I saw a young girl hideously charred, dragged from under a burnt out Volkswagen. Two children and two men lay near. iii. Aba, 26th April 1968: "I have seen things in Biafra this week which no man should have to see. Sights to scorch the heart and sicken the conscience. I have seen children roasted alive, young girls torn in two by shrapnel, pregnant women eviscerated, and old men blown to fragments; I have seen these things and I have seen their cause; high-flying Russian Ilyushin jets operated by Federal Page 33 Contd.../ Nigeria, dropping their bombs on civilian centres throughout Biafra ..." iv. Onitsha, November 19-24, 1967: Massive bombing of the civilian population of Onitsha was carried out by the Nigeria Air Force and the targets were non-military targets. Targets included: (a) Christ the King College (b) Dennis Memorial Grammar School (c) Anglican All Saints Cathedral (d) Onitsha General Hospital (e) The Magistrates Court Scores of various residential areas in the town. v. March 11, 1968: Below is a list of some of those who were killed by the hired pilots of the Nigeria Air Force in Onitsha province in one raid only on 11th March 1968: NAME DESCRIPTION 1. Mrs. Acha Amanchukwu A middle-aged woman selling palm wine 2. Sunday Egbanike A driver aged 25 3. Patrick Onyechi A scholar aged 16 4. Emmanuel Unaegbu Aged 16 5. Adafor A girl aged 5 6. Onyeisi A twin male aged 2 1/2 7. Alexander Ezeadi A refugee from Asaba aged 23 8. Dominic Obiosor Aged 80 9. Mrs. Rose Nwadiafor Ogoegbunam A married woman and mother of Juliet 10. Juliet Ogoegbunam A child aged 3 11. Mrs. Ifeoma Adibuah A housewife 12. Mrs. Adibuah's child A little child aged 5 13. Chinwo Anyikwo Aged 3 daughter 14. Mrs. Victoria Anyikwo Housewife 15. Akonam Chude Aged 5 16. Mr. Francis Ezeugo Okolo A petty trader aged 20 17. Mr. Onysharaenyi A casual labourer vi. Bombing of Market Places Here are a few instances: February 17th 1968 Awgu market was bombed killing 150 People and wounding 100 people. Page 34 Contd.../ March 3rd, i968 The Eke Nomeh market was rocketed, 78 people died and 150 wounded. December 14th 1967 Nigerian jet bombers bombed Itu market killing 6 and wounding over 23 others. September 14th 1968 The Nigerian jet bombers bombed Aguleri market (Otuocha) while in full session, killing 500 and wounding over 1,000 people. The affidavit of one Lawrence Nmezi, Police Sergeant stationed at Aguleri gives an eye witness account. September 4th, 1968 - Ihiala Market and Hospital On 4th September 1968, Nigerian war planes bombed, strafed and rocketed the Ihiala market and Roman Catholic Hospital. Mr. Jude Nwokeke Aninwe, Police Officer in charge Police Station, lhiala, tells the story as an eye witness in his affidavit hereby attached. vii. Hospitals Without any prick of conscience the vandals bomb hospitals as military targets. Here are a few examples: Eket, December 28th 1967 Nigerian jets bombed the Lutheran Mission Hospital Itu, January 23rd 1968 Mary Slessor Hospital, Itu was razed to the ground by combined bomb, rocket and bullets from Nigerian jet fighters and bombers. On 3rd March 1968 Matthew Rosa, correspondent of the "Observer", writing under the caption "School and hospitals bombed" said: "As I write, Nigerian planes have just carried out their 48th raid on Biafra, or Oruku in the south-east ... I have examined after the bombing, the nine destroyed hospitals which are BOROMIO Catholic Hospital at Onitsha, the General Hospital at Arochukwu, the Methodist Hospital at Onitsha, the General Page 35 Contd.../ Colony and Mary Slessor Hospital at Itu, the Lutheran Mission Hospital at Eket, Obioma Chelsea Home for Handicapped Children and the Infectious Disease Hospital at Port Harcourt and the Eja Joint Hospital Itigidi." viii. Schools Continuing, he says "Nigerian Planes have also destroyed the Girls' Secondary School at Owerri, Christ the King Elementary School at Aba, the Anglican Girls' Secondary School at Enugu, Christ the King College and Dennis Memorial Grammar School at Onitsha, Holy Ghost Teachers' Training College at Umuahia, Union Girls' Secondary School at Ibiaku, and the Lutheran High School at Uyo." (f) Food Poisoning The following official statement issued by the Government of the Republic of Biafra shows the extent to which Nigeria is prepared to go to exterminate Biafrans: "(32) lhiala, November, 1967. Biafran health workers and other Scientists discovered arsenic acid in bags of salt, sugar and tins of milk and tomatoes infiltrated into Biafra through the mid-West by the Nigerian Government". The statement has not been denied. (g) Genocide through Starvation One of the genocidal devices employed by Nigeria in her efforts to annihilate Biafrans is starvation. After all, did Nigeria not claim that "starvation is a legitimate instrument of warfare". As a result of the stringent economic blockade on the young Republic, imported foods like tinned milk, tomatoes, sugar, salt, meat, beans, etc. are virtually non-existent in the market. The food shortage has resulted in malnutrition and cases of "kwashiorkor" disease. This situation has caused the loss of hundreds of thousands of lives. The main victims Page 36 Contd.../ are old men and women, nursing mothers and children. This terrible situation coupled with the wanton destruction of farm lands and crops in areas overrun by federal troops has led to mass starvation and death. Despite the tremendous efforts being made by world-wide Relief Agencies in sending tons of food to the starving people of Biafra, authoritative opinions held that one million or more Biafrans will have died by January 1969 as a result of starvation. Such opinions have been expressed by relief workers in and out of Biafra. For instance, on page 24 of the Daily Telegraph (London) of 1st August 1968, a German doctor, shocked by the appalling famine situation in Annang Province said, "I estimate that 30 to 40 per cent of the children in Annang Province will die from disease caused by malnutrition. Other doctors, with more experience of Africa than I, put the figure as high as 80 per cent". Actually, according to the report of a Roman Catholic priest working in the area, the death toll per day in one of the camps at Ikot Ekpene rose to 50. The story is the same all over Biafra. It is significant to note also that this report came from one of Gowon's so-called minority areas. The relief that comes from international organisations is insufficient. The "International Herald Tribune" (Paris) of 12th July 1968 carried this story On Page 5: "The supplies for Biafra are only a fraction of those stored in Lagos awaiting distribution to needy persons on the Federal side of the battle fronts ... " And Nigeria has no serious food problem. Nigerians, aided and abetted by some foreign powers have committed and are still committing these acts of genocide against Biafra. Fully aware of the enormity of the crime of genocide and disturbed by increasing Page 37 Contd.../ world abhorrence of their acts, Nigerians together with their secret collaborators, have sought by every means possible to exonerate themselves and silence Criticism. As a last resort and to give their blatant denials an air of respectability the Nigerian Government and their collaborators have organised a group which is styled "International Observer Team" to put up a show of independent impartiality in investigating the Biafran charges of Genocide. It is no wonder, therefore, that the so called "International Observer Team" has returned their expected verdict of "no genocide'' in order to assuage the conscience of a horrified world. The International Observer Team has never visited Biafra nor requested Biafra for her own evidence of genocide. I Present the bare facts of Biafra's charge of genocide against Nigeria. A few examples only have been mentioned in a thunderous catalogue of crimes against humanity and genocide. Well over one million have perished in Biafra since the Nigerian authorities put into operation their calculated acts of genocide. Many more are yet to die except world conscience takes positive steps to put an end to a tragedy unparalleled in the history of Africa. CONCLUSION 1. It could be seen that from the political situation the Nigerian body politic was an association of incompatibles and the contradictions therein have heightened up to a position where the various ethnic groups have found it impossible to live together. By the same process much hatred and enmity had been bred, resulting in the readiness of the major ethnic group in power (Northern Nigeria) to exterminate the minority ethnic groups (Biafrans), as a means of solving the political issues. The massacres of Biafrans in 1945 at Kano and in 1953 in the Jos area are pointers to this evident state of affairs. The political crises, which plagued the Federation for 7 years of her life, are also pointers in the same direction. The Nazi methods of Sardauna Brigades are all facts pointing to the same conclusion. It is, therefore, not surprising that, in the present conflict, the policy of extermination of a minority Page 38 Contd.../ group has been assiduously pursued by the majority group (the Northerners), who, at present, control the machinery of government in the Nigerian Federation. 2. Further evidence of this intention to exterminate is revealed in the 7-point programme above referred to. The interesting points about the 7-point programme are the steady fulfilment of the programme as enunciated. The regularity of the dates of the massacres - 29th May, 29th July, 29th September, are all evidence of planning and premeditation. The pattern of the massacres rule out the possibility of a spontaneous reaction by a mob, for on each and every one of these occasions, the massacres all took the same pattern on the same date, all over Northern Nigeria and Lagos. Furthermore, there is the point that the massacres affected only one ethnic group, the Biafrans. The point that not even the law enforcement agencies were prepared to save the Biafrans from this woeful fate, are all evidence of the fact that these massacres were planned with the knowledge of the authorities concerned. There are witnesses as related above, who have testified that not only were these massacres planned by the Government authorities, such law enforcement agencies as the Army, the Police, the Natural Rulers, but they also actively participated in the massacres. 3. Further evidence could also be supplied by the intransigent attitude of the Northern Federal Government under Northern control in its refusal to effect a political settlement by negotiations. The present insistence on a military solution despite the fact that it is well known that on the Biafran side at least a million people have lost their lives, either by military action, or by starvation, goes to show such reckless disregard of human lives could only be excused on the exigencies of the military situation. 4. The conduct of the war itself on the side of the Federal Nigerian Government, is ample evidence that the 7-point programme has not been abandoned. There is abundant evidence to show that military targets are not the objectives of the Nigerian vandals. Villages have been bombed, towns raided, and civilians massacred with the full knowledge that these acts were in no way related to the military situation. We have abundant testimony from foreign visitors, journalists, men of goodwill, to testify to the wanton destruction of life and of property not necessitated by the exigencies of the war. Page 39 Contd.../
----------------------------------------------------------------COMMITTEE ON GENOCIDE. EKWE NCHE Organization.