April 22, 2003 – A pastor and six of his family members were killed in
November 20-21,2002 – Angry Muslims went on a rampage in Kadoka and Kino after an article in the This Day newspaper suggested that the prophet Muhammad would probably have married a contestant from the Miss World pageant scheduled to be held in Abuja. Muslim mobs ransacked the newspaper’s office and then began to attack Christian targets, damaging up to 20 churches. Over 200 people were killed and 1,200 were injured in the attacks. Non-Muslims were reportedly singled out and stabbed, bludgeoned, or even burned to death. (Barnabas Fund, CSW)
August 13, 2002 – The government of Kano State told a Church delegation that half of the Churches in the state must be closed because of Muslim complaints about “too many churches.” Church leaders refused to consent to the government’s demands. At least 20 Churches have been destroyed in Kano over the past 3 years. (Compass)
August 2002 - The governor of Zamfara announced that all residents, including Christians, to enhance the Islamic faith, must speak the Arabic language. The governor had previously introduced the Shari’ah law as well. (Compass Direct) Furthermore, “introduced a different regime of fees for non-indigenes in its educational system.”. (The Sun 25/06/04).
June 6, 2002 – A Christian police officer in Katsina state was clubbed to death by a mob of Muslims after being accused of trampling a Koran. The police officer had warned a Muslim preacher to stop inciting violence against Christians. Afraid of being arrested, the preacher fabricated the Koran story to provoke the crowd. (Compass)
May – June, 2002 – At least 75 Christians were arrested in Niger State for opposing the state’s Islamic Shari’ah law. (Compass)
May 2002 – The whereabouts of two Christians being charged with apostasy is unknown (see April 2002 below). Lawali Yakubu and Ali Jafaru disappeared after a judge refused to sentence them to death. It is believed that an Islamic monitoring group has decided to take the law into its own hands. (Compass)
April 8 – 22, 2002 – At least seven churches in Kano state were destroyed by authorities. There is a growing trend in states that have accepted Shari’ah law to destroy Christian churches on the pretext that the churches have violated building codes. Christians believe it is a step toward wiping out the Christian faith in northern Nigeria. (Compass)
April 2002 – Two Christians in Zamfara State were tried on the charge of apostasy, converting from Islam to Christianity. According to Islamic law, the penalty for apostasy is death, though it is unclear whether state law makes this applicable or not. However, the two Christians Lawali Yakubu and Ali Jafaru, claim they were never Muslims to start with. The two belong to a sub-division of the predominately Muslim Hausa ethnic group that has practiced Christianity for many years. (Ananova).
February 27, 2002 – Muslims in Ilorin turned violent while celebrating Eid-el-Kabir and began attacking Christians. Three Christians were killed in the violence. The Muslims demanded the implementation of Shari’ah in Kwara State. (Compass)
February 2002 – The Kano state government revealed that they had closed down 122 Christian schools for failing to meet state requirements. The requirement in question is the compulsory study of Islam. Christian schools have refused to allow Muslim clerics in to their schools, thus risking closure. Public schools in
January 2002 – Two churches in Zamfara state were closed after the state government decided there were “too many churches.” The first state to introduce Islamic Shari’ah law, Zamfara has also marked out 14 other churches for future closure and destruction. The Churches already closed were the Anglican Church in Kaura Namoda and the
October 14 –18, 2001 – As a result of anti-American protests in Kano, 600 Christians are missing and another 350 were killed. At least five churches were burned during the resulting riots. (Compass)
August 5, 2001 – According to the Church of Christ in Nigeria (COCIN), Muslim mercenaries have been attacking Christians in the Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro areas, on two occasions, June 18th and August 5th. COCIN said, “Three vehicles have been intercepted, loaded with warriors and weapons entering the conflict areas.. This has resulted in many deaths and widespread destruction.” The attacks have left more than 100 dead and 5,000 refugees. (Compass)
August 2001 – Ambrose Lar, a Christian worker at the Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria,
June 2001 – Fifteen Churches and 14 pastor’s residences were burned down in Gawaram,
November 2000 – Christians showing the Jesus Film in Kebbi state were warned not to continue showing the film. Kebbi also adopted Shari’ah law on December 1, 2000.
September 7-9, 2000 – In Bambam, Gombe state 25 people died as a result of clashes between Muslims and Christians due to the possible implementation of Shari’ah. Property damage was estimated in the millions of Naira.
August 2000 –Another three northern states declared Shari’ah law, in direct contradiction to
June 2000 – Mrs Laraba John, a widow, was the first Christian to receive punishment under Shari’ah law in
May 2000 – Christian women in Zamfara state say they were harassed and wrongfully accused of prostitution.
February 21-22, 2000 – Riots began after a Christian march opposing the implementation of Shari’ah law in Kaduna, northern
December 18-19, 2004 - Islamic extremists vandalized or destroyed 18 churches in Ilorin, the capital of Kwara State, Christian leaders have threatened to retaliate if the state government does not stop the violence.
July/August, 1999 – The government in Kano state announced its plans to destroy around 150 Churches that it claims were built without government permission. Christians protested this decision towards the end of July claiming discrimination, as Muslims don’t have to undergo the same treatment. Hostilities between the Christian and Muslim communities in this state have resulted in thousands of deaths and the destruction of millions of dollars of property.
* All these are within the
* There was then a systematic switch from the Northern senatorial zone to the South.
CHRONOLOGY OF ATTACKS ON CHRISTIAN SETTLEMENTS BY YELWA MUSLIMS AND THEIR VISITING MILITIA BEFORE THE REPRISAL ATTACK OF
*NOTE: These attacks were carried out on the day the state of Emergency was being declared
Zango Kataf, 1992
Lagos and Ibadan, 1993